Puri Chariots : Taladhwaja, Devadalana, Nandighosha

I am sure you all are aware that every year, three giant wooden chariots take part in the Rath Yatra Ceremony.

These three chariots of Balarama, Subhadra and Lord Jagannatha are newly constructed every year with wood of specified trees like phassi, dhausa, etc.

I am sure you all might be anxious to know all the intricate details of all the three chariots, their names, number of wheels these chariots have, their length, height and breadth, etc.

The chariot of Lord Jagannath is known as Nandighosa, the chariot of Lord Balarama is called Taladhwaja while the chariot of Devi Subhadra is known as Dwarpadalana.

Nandighosa - Taladhwaja - Dwarpadalana Chariots

These three chariots are decorated as per the unique scheme prescribed and followed for centuries. Each of the chariots is attached to four horses. These are of different colours – dark ones for Balarama, white ones for Jagannatha, and red ones for Subhadra. Each chariot has a charioteer called Sarathi. Apart from that, there are nine presiding deities in each chariot.

Details of Puri Rath Yatra Chariots :

Nandighosa Chariot :

The name of chariot of Lord Jagannath is known as Nandighosha Ratha. On this chariot, Lord is accompanied by Madanmohan.

This chariot is also known as Garudadhwaja or Kapiladhwaja.

Nandighosa Ratha - Chariot of Lord Jagannath

Details of Nandighosa Chariot :

  • Number of wheels of Chariot: 16 wheels
  • Total Number of wooden pieces used: 832
  • Height of the chariot: 44′ 2″
  • Length of the chariot: 34’6″
  • Breadth of the chariot: 34’6″
  • Colour of Cloth Wrappings: Red, Yellow colour
  • Chariot Guarded by: Garuda
  • Name of the Charioteer: Daruka
  • The flag on top of the chariot: Trailokyamohini
  • Name of four horses driving the Chariot: Shankha, Balahaka, Suweta, Haridashwa
  • The Rope pulling the Chariot: Sankhachuda Naguni
  • Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Varaha, (ii) Gobardhan, (iii) Krishna, Gopi Krishna, (iv) Nursingha, (v) Rama, (vi) Narayan, (Vii) Trivikrama, (viii) Hanuman, (ix) Rudra

Taladhwaja Chariot :

The name of the Chariot of Lord Balabhadra is Taladhwaja Ratha. On this chariot, Lord is accompanied by Ramakrishna.

This chariot is also known by other names like Langaladhwaja.

Taladhwaja Ratha - Chariot of Lord Balarama

Details of Taladhwaja Chariot :

  • Number of wheels of Chariot: 14
  • Total Number of wooden pieces used: 763
  • Height of the chariot: 43′ 3″
  • Length of the chariot:33′
  • Breadth of the chariot: 33′
  • Colour of Cloth Wrappings: Red, Bluish green colour
  • Chariot Guarded by: Basudev
  • Name of the Charioteer: Matali
  • The flag on top of the chariot: Unnani
  • Name of four horses driving the Chariot: Tribra, Ghora, Dirghasharma, Swornanava
  • The Rope pulling the Chariot: Basuki Naga
  • Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Ganesh, (ii) Kartikeya, (iii) Sarvamangala, (iv) Pralambari, (v) Hatayudha, (vi) Mrutyunjaya, (vii) Natamvara, (viii) Mukteswar, (ix) Sheshadeva

Dwarpadalana Chariot :

The name of the chariot of Devi Subhadra is Darpadalana Ratha. On this chariot, Devi Subhadra is accompanied by Sudarshana.

Other names of this chariot are Devadalana or Padmadhwaja.

Dwarpadalana Ratha - Chariot of Subhadra

Details of Dwarpadalana Chariot :

  • Number of wheels of Chariot 12
  • Total Number of wooden pieces used: 593
  • Height of the chariot: 42′ 3″
  • Length of the chariot: 31’6″
  • Breadth of the chariot: 31’6″
  • Colour of Cloth Wrappings: Red, Black colour
  • Chariot Guarded by:Jayadurga
  • Name of the Charioteer: Arjuna
  • The flag on top of the chariot: Nadambika
  • Name of four horses driving the Chariot: Rochika, Mochika, Jita, Aparajita
  • The Rope pulling the Chariot: Swarnachuda Naguni
  • Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Chandi, (ii) Chamunda, (iii) Ugratara, (iv) Vanadurga, (v) Shulidurga, (vi) Varahi, (vii) Shyamakali, (viii) Mangala, (ix) Vimala

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